Its permanent collection of some eight million functions is one of the biggest and most comprehensive in life. being widely gathered during the age of the British Empire. British Museum records the story of human culture from the beginnings into the present. It was that the very first public national museum on earth.
The British Museum has been created in 1753. chiefly dependent on the collections of the Irish doctor and scientist Sir Hans Sloane. It opened to the general public at 1759, in Montagu House, on the website of their present construction. Its growth within the next 250 years has been largely a consequence of enlarging British colonisation. and it has caused the introduction of several branch associations, the earliest being the Natural History Museum in 1881.
In 1973, the British Library Act 1972 detached the library section in the British Museum, but it continued to sponsor the currently split British Library at the exact same Reading Room and construction as the museum before 1997. The museum is a non-departmental public body sponsored by the Department for both Digital, Culture, Media and Sport, and with national museums in the UK it costs no entrance fee, except for loan displays.
Its possession of a few of its most renowned objects originating in different nations is contested and remains the subject of global controversy, most especially in the case of the Elgin Marbles of both Greece along with the Rosetta Stone of Egypt.